How to upgrade Debian 8 Jessie to Debian 9 Strech

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This article explains a system upgrade procedure from Debian 8 Jessie Linux to Debian 9 Stretch.

Apart from the up to date Linux kernel, Stretch comes with a considerable amount of new and updated software as well as a number of packages had been rendered obsolete: 

This new release of Debian again comes with a lot more software than its predecessor jessie; the distribution includes over 15346 new packages, for a total of over 51687 packages. Most of the software in the distribution has been updated: over 29859 software packages (this is 57% of all packages in jessie). Also, a significant number of packages (over 6739, 13% of the packages in jessie) have for various reasons been removed from the distribution. 
SOURCEdebian.org

Warning: MariaDB replaces MySQL database in Debian 9 Stretch. This introduces a new database binary data file format which is not backwards compatible with your current ( Debian 8 Jessie ) database format. During the upgrade your databases will be upgraded automatically. However, when you run into some issues during or after the upgrade, you will not be able revert back! From this reason it is important to backup all your current databases before you proceed with a Debian 9 Stretch upgrade!
REFERENCEdebian.org

  1. Full Jessie upgrade

Before we move on with the upgrade, let’s fully upgrade our current Debian Jessie system:

# apt-get update
# apt-get upgrade
# apt-get dist-upgrade

If everything went smoothly, perform database sanity and consistency checks for partially installed, missing and obsolete packages:

# dpkg -C

If no issues are reported, check what packages are held back:

# apt-mark showhold

Packages On Hold will not be upgraded, which may cause inconsistencies after Stretch upgrade. Before you move to the next part, it is recommended to fix all issues produced by both above commands.

2. Update Package Repository to Debian Stretch

Now, that we have a current system fully upgraded, it is time to resynchronize the package index files with new Debian Stretch sources. This is done by editing /etc/apt/sources.list file to include Debian stretch package repository. First, make a backup the current /etc/apt/sources.list:

# cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list_backup

Execute apt edit-sources or use your favourite text editor e.g., VIM to modify a current /etc/apt/sources.list file to include stretch repositories. Simply update keyword jessie to stretch

Example:

FROM JESSIE
deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian jessie main
deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian jessie-updates main
deb http://security.debian.org jessie/updates main
TO STRETCH
deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian stretch main
deb http://httpredir.debian.org/debian stretch-updates main
deb http://security.debian.org stretch/updates main

Alternatively, use a sed command to automate this tedious task:

# sed -i 's/jessie/stretch/g' /etc/apt/sources.list

Once the above /etc/apt/sources.list file edit is completed, use apt-get command to update packages index:

# apt-get update

3. Upgrade to Debian Stretch Simulation

Before we hit the UPGRADE button, let’s use apt command to see a preview of what we are facing. To do this execute apt list --upgradable command in order to get a quick survey of the number of packages to be installed, updated and removed without affecting the system.

# apt list --upgradable

4. Upgrade to Debian Stretch

We have come to the most exciting part, which is the actual Jessie upgrade to Debian Stretch system. During the upgrade you may be asked:

There are services installed on your system which need to be restarted when certain libraries, such as libpam, libc, and libssl, are upgraded. Since these restarts may cause interruptions of service for the system, you will normally be prompted on each upgrade for the list of services you wish to restart. You can choose this option to avoid being prompted; instead, all necessary restarts will be done for you automatically so you can avoid being asked questions on each library upgrade.

Restart services during package upgrades without asking?

The choice is about whether you wish the system to restart your services automatically during the system upgrade or you wish to do it manually or after the system is fully upgrade to Stretch. When ready, execute the bellow commands to commence the Debian Stretch upgrade process:

# apt-get upgrade
# apt-get dist-upgrade

At this stage you should have your Jessie Debian Linux system fully upgraded to Debian Stretch. Reboot not needed, but good idea 😉

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