VLAN on Mikrotik

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VLAN on Mikrotik: implementation options “Mikrotik Mikrotik is different”, this must always be remembered, known and understood when implementing VLAN. Mikrotik, like any other network equipment manufacturer, has its own vision for implementing VLAN settings. On the basis of Mikrotik equipment, it is possible to implement both software (software) VLANs and hardware (hardware). Hardware VLAN, as the name implies, is implemented directly on the basis of the switch-chip. The possibility of implementing a hardware vlan depends on which switching chip is used in your device. In this regard, we recommend that you read the official Switch Chip Features manual. In short, Hardware VLAN is supported by the following chips:

Atheros7240:

RB750

RB750UP

RB751U-2HnD

RB951-2n

Atheros8227:

RB941-2nD (hAP lite)

RB951Ui-2nD (hAP) RB952Ui-5ac2nD (hAP ac lite)

RB750r2 (hEX lite) )

RB750UPr2 (hEX PoE lite)

RB750P-PBr2 (PowerBox)

RB750P r2 RBOmniTikU-5HnDr2 (OmniTIK 5)

RBOmniTikUPA-5HnDr2 (OmniTIK 5 PoE)

RB2011 series (ether6-10)

RB951Ui-2HnD

Atheros8316:

RB493G

RB435G

RB450G

RB750G

RB1200

RB1100

Atheros8327:

RB953GS

RB850Gx2

RB2011 series (ether1-5 + sfp1)

RB750GL RB751G-2HnD

RB951G-2HnD

RBD52G-5HacD2HnD (hAP ac²)

cAP ac

RB1100AH

RB1100AHx2

CCR1009 series (ether1-4)

RB433GL

QCA8337:

RB3011 series

RB OmniTik ac series

RB750Gr2 (hEX)

RB962UiGS -5HacT2HnT (hAP ac)

RB960PGS (hEX PoE) RB960PGS-PB (PowerBox Pro)

In all of the listed devices, VLAN can be implemented using the switching chip. The advantage of this method is that the processing of tags, their addition and removal is performed by the chip itself, without the participation of the processor (hardware offload, hardware unloading). This method should be used in cases where: the goal is to achieve maximum performance; VLAN performance is limited by CPU capabilities; implementation of some features is unattainable by means of software VLAN; Hardware VLAN offers a large number of parameters, options, and frame processing rules. You can find detailed information on setting up a hardware VLAN in the official documentation at the link above. In case this topic is in demand, we will publish a separate instruction. The second implementation method is software / “soft” VLAN / Software VLAN. It is this method that is most often described and found in practice. It is not as functional, but it is as simple as possible to set up.

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